In a piece from the time of the communist international, called ‘Backward Europe and Advanced Asia’:
The comparison sounds like a paradox. Who does not know that Europe is advanced and Asia backward? But the words taken for this title contain a bitter truth.
In civilised and advanced Europe, with its highly developed machine industry, its rich, multiform culture and its constitutions, a point in history has been reached when the commanding bourgeoisie comes out in support of everything backward, moribund and medieval.
Collected Works, vol. 19, p. 99