Xi Jinping’s speech at the 19th congress: Infographics

The following infographics of Xi Jinping’s speech is borrowed from the website dedicated to the CPC’s 19th congress.









11 thoughts on “Xi Jinping’s speech at the 19th congress: Infographics

  1. I hope they don’t insist on constantly calling it now “socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era.” That would be a mouthful, even more than it already is. I would prefer to just speak of socialism without all the descriptors or caveats. The Chinese characteristics part should generally go without saying; every country has to develop socialism according to its own historical and cultural background and circumstances.

    1. I agree, it should be a given by now. But sometimes I wonder if it is all to justify their lack of solidarity with other CP’s and revolutionary parties.

    2. The shorthand is ‘Xi Jinping Thought’ (xi jinping sixiang). Only Mao and Deng have been acknowledged in such a fashion – Mao Zedong Thought and Deng Xiaoping Theory. And the same word – thought (sixiang) is used for Mao and Xi

    3. More interesting is the question of how they will be able to square ‘supply-side structural reform’ and a greater role for the market in resource allocation with a deepening of Marxist-inspired socialism. If socialism is the historical transition from capitalism to communism, ie from production for profit to production for need, it is hard to see how extending the profit motive in the economy contributes to that goal. My reading of the situation is that world market forces currently favour the economic development of China and as long as that is the case, the CPC leadership will continue to take advantage of them. The NEP was not abandoned in Russia until it became clear that it was not promoting the party’s goal of industrialisation. At the same time, the CPC is probably aware of the crisis-ridden nature of capitalism and I suspect that Xi’s insistence of the necessity of party control over the state is meant to ensure that when the time comes to move towards a different path of development, the state, administrative and ideological prerequisites will be there.

      1. This is where a ‘socialist market economy’ kicks in, one of many ways of recategorising the old conundrum of public and private ownership. In other words, a market economy is not necessarily capitalist, but we have become so used to the assumption, it is sometimes difficult to imagine otherwise. Part of this is related to the Chinese Marxist development of contradictions and dialectic, where it is not so much a matter of either-or, as the European tradition tends to see it, but both-and. Or, from the time that they undertook extensive engagement with orthodox (Soviet) Marxist theory, they developed further the category of non-antagonistic contradictions. In this light, I am working to get my head around a number of statements that initially seem problematic. The best is Deng Xiaoping’s comment: ‘there is no necessary contradiction between socialism and capitalism’. Usually, this is simply dismissed, but I am more interested in finding out what he actually meant – assuming that he was serious about it. Perhaps ‘enmeshment’ is a way forward: https://stalinsmoustache.org/2017/09/25/enmeshment-an-effort-to-understand-chinese-socialism/

  2. in a socialist economy, “profit” which isn’t privately individually pocketed, is, it seems to me the same thing as the “social surplus”; This is why Marx’s discovery of Surplus Value was/is essential to transition to a socialist state. Both “profit” and “social surplus” refer to the difference between the monetized world average labor time (or Necessary labor) added and the world average labor time consumed …by the laborers currently laboring and adding labor value. The surplus is what makes socialism possible, supporting people no longer, or not yet working as well as everything freely undertaken, not definable as labor (time spent doing what another wants to get what one wants from yet another(s), i.e.: time spent bossed and paid). Unbossed and unpaid work, which is most everything that leads to innovation, discovery, etc.

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