Recently Added Files

New article by Xi Jinping on Marxist Political Economy and the 14th five-year plan

2020-11-24. On the Chinese Marxism page, I have added a recent article by Xi Jinping, entitled ‘Opening Up New Frontiers for Marxist Political Economy in Contemporary China’ (2020). The article concerns the central role of Marxist Political Economy in shaping the 14th five-year plan, which is being finalised as I write. It was originally published in Qiushi (Seeking Truth) journal – download Chinese here, and English translation here.

Chapter on the theory of socialist democracy added to book draft page (Socialism with Chinese Characteristics)

2020-11-24. A draft of the seventh chapter of my book on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics has been added to the page with pre-publication drafts (here). The chapter concerns the theory of socialist democracy as it has arisen from the practice thereof. This chapter goes back in the Marxist tradition to Marx and especially Engels, and then examines how the theory of socialist democracy developed. Here we find that democratic centralism emerges as a core theme, but this was initially seen as an intra-Party practice.

From Lenin through to Mao, it was assumed that one could simply extend such a practice to country-wide governance. Not quite, so from Deng Xiaoping we get the initial emphasis on separating the Communist Party from the government, and then Hu Jintao stipulating statutory processes by which the will of the Party becomes government policy. It is only with Xi Jinping that this process is connected explicitly with democratic centralism and thus the whole system of socialist democracy with its various inter-related components.

Ah yes, the purpose: to improve and strengthen the leadership of the Communist Party, without which socialist democracy would not be possible.

New article published: Dialogue on a Moderately Well-off Society in All Respects

2020-10-31. A new article has been published in a Chinese journal. This is the result of an ongoing dialogue on the Reform and Opening-Up with a collague in China. Details follow. It may also be found on the ‘Selected Publications’ page.

2020. ‘全面建成小康社会的观念资源与现实探索’ (The Conceptual Resources and Realistic Exploration of Building a Moderately Well-off Society in All Respects). 当代中国价值观研究 (Chinese Journal of Contemporary Values) 2020.01: 5-14. Co-authored with Zang Fengyu. Download Chinese version here, and unformatted Chinese-English bilingual version here.

Chapter on the Chinese practice of socialist democracy added to book draft page (Socialism with Chinese Characteristics)

2020-10-24: A draft of the sixth chapter of my book on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics has been added to the page with pre-publication drafts (here). The chapter concerns the practice of socialist democracy in China. It is quite long, since there was much research to be done. I thought I knew all about Chinese socialist democracy, but – as is so often the case – I found I knew relatively little before beginning the research for the chapter. As with the rest of the book, the vast majority of research material I have used for the chapter has been written by and thus references are by Chinese scholars.

You can also download the draft chapter here.

Text added on socialist consultative democracy

2020-10-03: A major component of China’s socialist democratic system is consultative democracy. It has a history that goes back to the ‘mass line’ during the revolutionary struggle for liberation, but has now risen to a whole new level. On the Chinese Marxism page (here), I have added a text from the CPC Central Committee, entitled ‘Opinions on Strengthening the Construction of Socialist Consultative Democracy’ (2015). The Chinese text is freely available on the internet, but the English translation is an unoffocial one.

To assist in understanding the way in which China is in the process of fully bringing out the ‘latent potentialities [chongfen fahui] of the superiority [youyuexing] of the socialist political system in China’, the following diagram may assist in understanding how the system as a whole, with its integrated components, actually works.

New document added on socialist democracy in China

2020-09-15: On the Chinese Marxism page is a document from the State Information Office. Published in 2005, it is called ‘Building Political Democracy in China’. Up to that point, it was the most comprehensive explanation of the gradual construction of socialist democracy in light of China’s history and conditions. It covers electoral democracy (People’s Congresses), multi-party consultative democracy, minority nationalities, grassroots democracy, socialist human rights, rule of law, and internal goverance in the CPC. You can find the document here.

New files added: Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Part of China on Some Issues Concerning the Establishment of a Socialist Market Economic Structure

2020-09-09: This important text from 1993 is now added to the Chinese Marxism page, in both Chinese and English versions. Entitled ‘Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Part of China on Some Issues Concerning the Establishment of a Socialist Market Economic Structure’, it enacted in detail Deng Xiaoping’s proposal for a socialist market economy as a component in China’s overall socialist system. Importantly, the socialist market economy did not do away with a planned economy, but became another component alongside with and complementary to the planned economy. You can find the files here.

New file added: Seeking a Xiaokang Society, or, Socialist Modernisation

2020-09-04: The latest file is the draft of Chapter Five of my monograph, Socialism with Chinese Characteristics. The title of the chaper: ‘Seeking a Xiaokang Society, or Socialist Modernisation’ (the page is here, where you may also view other chapters).